Mahatma Gandhi & Nehru had a great impact on Indian national congress and also on Indian independence.Facts about Indian national congrees.India independence.Sardar Patel. Apply as student news reporter from college Facebook
Congress was formed by Allan Octavian Hume at Bombay as an entertainment club (as written in its then preamble) in 1885. British had decided to enroll educated Indian people in this party and use it as a safety valve against the growing freedom struggle.
If Mahatma Gandhi would not have come to India from South Africa, then there would have been no one even talking about Congress. It was Mahatma Gandhi who gave life to Congress. Till then, no one even knew that there was something called Congress!
Gandhiji made Congress as a means of the freedom struggle. But unfortunately, things did not go well.
First Independence Day of India was celebrated in 1947, 15th of August by hosting the tricoloured flag. Later it was declared as the National and Gazetted holiday when schools and colleges open for some hours only to celebrate it with some academic and cultural works.
- 15th of August is also celebrated as Independence Day in countries like South Korea (got freedom from Japan in 1945), Bahrain (from the UK in 1971) and Congo (from France in 1960).
- At the time of independence of India, the gold price was (in 1947) 88.62 Rs/10 grams. Indian rupee in 1947 was equal to Re 1 = $1.
- There was no any National Anthem at the time of Independence of India.
- Nehru chose the present national anthem as opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be easier for the band to play!!! Today for that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far better composition in praise of our dear Motherland India.
- There were nominations from the Congress committee for the PM position. On the contrary, 12 out of 15 Congress committees nominated Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The remaining three Congress committees did not nominate any body’s name. Mahatma Gandhi requested for proposers for Nehru. Gandhi conveyed to Nehru that no PCC has nominated his name and that only a few CWC members have nominated him. Nehru was defiant and made it clear that he will not play second fiddle to anybody. Disappointed Gandhi gave into Nehru’s obduracy and asked Sardar Patel to withdraw his name. Sardar Patel had immense respect for Gandhi and he withdrew his candidature without wasting any time. And it paved the way for the coronation of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru as India’s first Prime Minister.
But why did Gandhi overlook the overwhelming support for Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel? Gandhi had a ‘soft corner’ for Nehru since the beginning and he had preferred Nehru over Sardar Patel at least twice before 1946 for the post of Congress president.
Gandhi chooses Nehru over Patel because of two main reasons:
1. Gandhi believed educated Nehru with modern thoughts had an edge over Patel who, according to him, was orthodox in his thoughts.
2. Gandhi feared Nehru would revolt in case he was denied PM’s post and that would give the British an excuse to delay the transfer of power. On the other hand, he was fully convinced of Sardar Patel’s loyalty. He knew Sardar Patel was a true patriot and would never play a spoilsport.
Later on, Gandhiji became so sad and unhappy with Congress that he resigned from the party for the lifetime. He did not even take the membership of the Congress party.
Mahatma Gandhi & Nehru had a great impact on Indian national congress.Sardar Patel.Facts about Indian national congrees.India independence.Impact on INC.
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